Accueil Non classé Alerte:La rage fait 55% de décès tous les ans

Alerte:La rage fait 55% de décès tous les ans

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La maladie était au centre d’une formation organisée par Sanofi Pasteur jeudi 5 décembre 2013 à Douala.

rabid-dog

La formation a duré trois heures. Sanofi Pasteur l’a initiée pour les journalistes et vétérinaires. L’objectif étant, de rappeler aux participants (pour grande diffusion) que la rage existe au Cameroun et fait des décès. Or, il existe un arsenal de prévention qui existe mais que les populations ignorent ; surtout que le gouvernement n’en fait pas encore l’objet d’une préoccupation majeure.

La rage selon Dr Mathurin Tejikem du Centre Pasteur de Yaoundé, est une maladie infectieuse causée par un virus qui s’attaque au système nerveux des mammifères. Elle se transmet de l’animal à l’humain par des morsures, griffures ou léchage sur une muqueuse. L’animal cause de la rage, varie à croire le médecin, selon les continents et pays. En Afrique et particulièrement au Cameroun, le chien est responsable à 98% de la rage. Ailleurs on parle de chats, chauve-souris et autres. La maladie est incurable et touche plus les pays en voie développement. Elle fait 55% de décès chaque année. Dont 56% en Asie et 44% en Afrique. Plus de 50% de victimes sont des enfants dont l’âge est inférieur à 15 ans.

Absence de chiffres

Au Cameroun, a affirmé les médecins présents, il est très difficile d’avoir des chiffres exactes sur la maladie. En 2012, le Centre Pasteur de Yaoundé a enregistré 1300 morsures et en mi 2013, 2300 morsures. A Douala par contre, c’est la guerre des chiffres. Le Centre antirabique de Douala représenté à cette formation par Mme Goufan Julienne, parle de 86 cas enregistrés en 2012 et 116 en mi 2013. Le Dr Nkolo Serge Claire (médecin vétérinaire et inspecteur chef service régional du Minepia) parle plutôt de 198 cas en mi 2013 à Douala. Au Centre antirabique de Bafoussam ou à l’annexe du Centre antirabique de Pasteur à Garoua, le taux de morsure déclaré est moins alarmant. Le foyer où l’on a enregistré le plus grand taux de morsure jusqu’ici, reste la région du Centre. Qui plus est, est le siège des institutions. Alerte ! Dr Zambou Henri René, médecin vétérinaire pense que la rage devrait faire l’objet d’une préoccupation nationale. Les sociologues, vétérinaires, médecins, politiciens, municipalités et leaders d’opinion devraient s’en émouvoir parce que la maladie est incurable. A l’opposé, on peut la prévenir à travers des campagnes de vaccination et de sensibilisation des propriétaires de chiens. Les décisions prises dans ce sens devraient être aussi respectées. Notamment la loi N°2000/017 du 19 décembre 2000 portant réglementation de l’inspection sanitaires vétérinaires et la loi N°006 du 14 avril 2001 portant nomenclature et règlement zoo sanitaires des Mrlc à Do…qui sont dans les tiroirs !

Adeline TCHOUAKAK

 

Focal

Mode d’emploi

En attendant que les centres antirabiques soient installés dans toutes les régions du pays, ils ont donné de petites astuces aux populations. En cas de morsures, laver immédiatement et rincer pendant 15 minutes, à l’eau et au savon la plaie. Y appliquer de l’alcool et aller dans un centre antirabique pour des soins appropriés. Le virus de la rage, a-t-il ajouté, ne se déclenche pas tôt. Il peut aller jusqu’à 60 jours avant de manifester les premiers signes de la maladie. Fièvre, anorexie, nausée, vomissements, maux de tête, léthargie, douleur et picotement au niveau de la morsure, anxiété, agitation, dépression, hyperexcitation, nervosité, hallucination, morsure incontrôlée etc. Il faut surtout éviter des pratiques culturelles qui veulent qu’on mette le poil de l’animal dans la plaie ou que la victime mange le foie du chien qui l’a mordue pour guérir, «ce sont des bêtises. Ces pratiques ne peuvent vous guérir», soutient Dr Zambou Henri René. Qui ajoute, que tout le monde doit savoir que la rage est 100% mortelle, 100% évitable et 1000% inacceptable. Pour les enfants qui subissent les griffures et léchages des animaux parce qu’ils jouent ou les a attaqués, c’est encore plus difficile. Parce qu’il n’est pas évident qu’il dise la vérité à leurs parents. Il est donc urgent d’initier une campagne d’abatage des chiens errants.               

A.T.                          

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